The Bioremediation Department

The Department of Bioremediation specialises in phytoremediation research. Polluted areas are recultivated with unique combinations of tolerant plants and symbiotic microorganisms. Cultures of fungi, actinomyces and other microorganisms are morphologically and molecularly characterised and their phytoremediation potential examined. Plants are tested for heavy metal concentration. Other areas of research include the influence of environmental factors on gene expression in plants. The team at the MBC also researches the microbiology of air, buildings, arts and fabrics. Our latest research concerns the utilisation of nanoparticles in bioremediation.
Fungal in vitro laboratory
Plant culture in vitro laboratory
HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) laboratory
Genetic analysis laboratory
Inorganic analysis laboratory
Experimental Greenhouse
AAS (Atomic absorption spectrometer)
HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography) instrument
Real-time PCR Thermal Cycler
Fluorescence and light microscopes
Laminar chambers
Plant growth chambers
CO2 incubator
Incubators for fungi and bacteria breeding
Shaking incubators
Horizontal and vertical electrophoresis systems
Electrophoretic transfer of protein system
Centrifuge with temperature control function
The Bioremediation department team participated in the following European Union granted projects: 
Using MicroBes for the REgulation of heavy metaL mobiLity at ecosystem and landscape scAle: an integrative approach for soil remediation by geo-biological processes (UMBRELLA)
Mycorrhizal plant and algae dependent heavy metal detoxification of pirite industrial heaps in Portugal
Utilization of xerothermic plants in recultivating zinc-lead industrial heaps; a new method of recultivating highly contaminated post-industrial areas. Novel plant species and cultivation techniques with high phytoremediation potential were developed
The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in accumulation of radiocaesium by plants (MYCOREMED)
The ecotoxicology of silver nanoparticles in phytoextraction of caesium
Utilization of bacteria-fungi consortia in remediation of heavy metal polluted sites
Most currently the team is testing the possibility of using fungal endophytes in recultivating degenerated areas. The research is funded by the NCN project "Plants endophytes as a new tool in phytoremediation"

» Staff

  • prof. dr hab. Katarzyna Turnau - Head
  • prof. dr hab. Halina Gabryś
  • dr inż. Rafał Ważny
  • dr Piotr Rozpądek
  • dr Przemysław Ryszka
  • dr Agnieszka Katarzyna Banaś
  • dr Olga Sztatelman
  • dr Wojciech Strzałka
  • dr Andrzej Waloszek
  • students and technical assistants

» Publikacations

Podda F., Medas D., De Giudici G., Ryszka P., Wolowski K., Turnau K. 2013. Zn biomineralization processes and microbial biofilm in a metal-rich stream (Naracauli, Sardinia). Env Sci Pollut Res DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-1987-0

Turnau,K., Przybyłowicz W.J., Ryszka P., Orłowska E., Anielska T., Mesjasz-Przybyłowicz J. 2013. Mycorrhizal fungi modify element distribution in gametophytes and sporophytes of a fern Pellaea viridis from metaliferous soils. Chemosphere 92:1267-1273

Orłowska E., Przybyłowicz W., Orlowski D., Mongwaketsi N. P., Turnau K., Mesjasz-Przybyłowicz J. 2013. Mycorrhizal colonization affects the elemental distribution in roots of Ni-hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii Rorssler. Environmental Pollution 175: 100-109.

Wróbel-Kwiatkowska M., Turnau, K., Góralska K., Anielska T., Szopa J. 2012. Effects of genetic modifications to flax (Linum usitatissimum) on arbuscular mycorrhiza and plant performance. Mycorrhiza 22:493-499.

Orłowska E., Godzik B., Turnau K. 2012. Effect of different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal isolates on growth and arsenic accumulation in Plantago lanceolata L.
Environmental Pollution 168:121-130. [view the article

Zubek S., Mielcarek S., Turnau K. 2012. Hypericin and pseudohypericin concentrations of a valuable medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum L. are enhanced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 22:149-156. [view the article]

Turnau K., Gawroński S, Ryszka P, Zook D. 2012. Mycorrhizal-Based Phytostabilization of Zn–Pb Tailings: Lessons from the Trzebionka Mining Works (Southern Poland). In: Kothe E., Varma A. (eds.) Bio-Geo Interactions in Metal-Contaminated Soils. Soil Biology 31. Springer, Berlin,  327-348.[ view the article]  

Blaszkowski J., Kovács G.M., Gáspár B., Balázs T., Buscot F., Ryszka P. 2012. The arbuscular mycorrhizal Paraglomus majewskii sp. nov. represents a distinct basal lineage in Glomeromycota. Mycologia 104:148-156. [view the article

Zubek S., Mielcarek S., Turnau K. 2011. Hypericin and pseudohypericin concentrations of a valuable medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum L. are enhanced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 22:149–156. [view the article

Turnau K. 2011. Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Restoration of Mine Tailings. In: Greipsson S. (ed) Restoration Ecology. Jones and Bartlett Learning 8.2: 201-205.

Orłowska E., Przybyłowicz W., Orlowski D., Turnau K., Mesjasz-Przybyłowicz J. 2011. The effect of mycorrhiza on the growth and elemental composition of Ni-hyperaccumulating plant Berkheya coddii Roessler. Environmental Pollution 159:3730-3738. [view the article]

Kaczor A., Turnau K., Baranska M. 2011. In situ Raman imaging of astaxanthin in a single microalgal cell. Analyst 136:1109-1112.  [view the article

Orłowska E., Orłowski D. Mesjasz-Przybyłowicz J., Turnau K. 2011. Role of mycorrhizal colonization in plant establishment on an alkaline gold mine tailing. International Journal of Phytoremediation 13:185–205. [view the article

Bothe H., Regvar M., Turnau K. 2010. Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, Heavy Metal, and Salt Tolerance. In:  Sherameti I, Varma A. (eds.) Soil Heavy Metals. Soil Biology 19. Springer, 87-111.

Marzec K.M., Murowana M., Turnau K., Proniewicz L.M., Barańska M. 2010. Identification of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal (AMF) spore components. AIP Conference Proceedings 1267: 340-341.[ view the article

Dubchak S., Ogar A., Mietelski J.W., Turnau K. 2010. Influence of silver and titanium nanoparticles on arbuscular mycorrhiza colonization and accumulation of radiocaesium in Helianthus annuusSpanish Journal Of Agricultural Research Sp. Iss. 1, 8: 103-108. [view the article

Janik P., Tylko G., Ostachowicz B., Turnau K. 2010. Elemental composition of Physarum compressum Alb. et Schw. sporocarps and their structures cultivated on rabbit dung and agar substrates. Microscopy Research and Technique 73(12):1134-1142. [view the article]

Turnau K., Ryszka P., Wojtczak G. 2010. Metal tolerant mycorrhizal plants: a review from the perspective on industrial waste in temperate region. In: Koltai H., Kapulnik Y. (eds.) Arbuscular mycorrhizas: physiology and function. Springer, 257-276.

Turnau, K., Ostachowicz, B., Wojtczak, G., Anielska, T., Sobczyk, L. 2010.  Metal uptake by xerothermic plants introduced into Zn-Pb industrial wastes. Plant and Soil 337(1): 299-311.  [view the article

Bothe H., Turnau K., Regvar M. 2010.  The potential role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in protecting endangered plants and habitats. Mycorrhiza 20(7): 445-457.[ view the article]

H. Goodrich-Blair, J.-M. Ané, J.D. Bever, S.R. Bordenstein, M. Bright, J.M. Chaston, K. Clay, C.R. Currie1, A.E. Douglas, N. Gerardo, M.J. Harrison, R.E. Ley, M. McFall-Ngai, A. Mukherjee, B. Rader, K.F. Raffa, E.G. Ruby, M.B. Saffo, M.-A. Selosse, J.L. Sonnenburg, S.P. Stock, G. Suen, K. Turnau, M. Udvardi, K.L. Visick, V.M. Weis. 2010. Symbiosis research, technology, and education: Proceedings of the 6th International Symbiosis Society Congress held in Madison Wisconsin, USA, August 2009. Symbiosis 51(1): 1-12 .[ view the article]

Tylko G., Dubchak S., Banach Z., Turnau K. 2010. Monte Carlo Simulation to Determine Geometry Effects on Quantitative X-ray Microanalysis in Plant Cell Walls Using Gelatin Standards. X-Ray Optics And Microanalysis: Proceedings of the 20th International Congress. AIP Conference Proceedings 1221: 93–97.[ view the article]

Mietelski J.W., Dubchak S., Błazej S., Anielska T., Turnau K. 2010. 137Cs and 40K in fruiting bodies of different fungal species collected in a single forest in southern Poland. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101(9):706-711 [view the article]     

Jurkiewicz A., Ryszka P., Anielska T., Waligórski P., Białońska D., Góralska K., Tsimilli-Michael M., Turnau K. 2010. Optimization of culture conditions of Arnica montanaL.: effects of mycorrhizal fungi and competing plants. Mycorrhiza 20(5): 293–306. [view the article]

Stojakowska A., Malarz J., Zubek S., Turnau K., Kisiel W. 2010. Terpenoids and phenolics from Inula ensifoliaBiochemical Systematics and Ecology 38(2):  232–235. [view the article]

Zubek S., Stojakowska A., Anielska T., Turnau K. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alter thymol derivative contents of Inula ensifolia L.. Mycorrhiza 20:497-504. [view the article]

Błaszkowski J., Wubet J., Harikumar V. S., Ryszka P., Buscot F. 2010. Glomus indicum, a new arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Botany 88(2): 132–143. [view the article]

Ryszka P., Błaszkowski J., Jurkiewicz A., Turnau K. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhiza of Arnica montana under field conditions—conventional and molecular studies.Mycorrhiza 20:551-557. [view the article]

» Contact

Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology
Jagiellonian University
Gronostajowa 7A
30-387 Kraków

Prof. dr hab. Katarzyna Turnau e-mail:

Technology Transfer Expert
Dr inż. Rafał Ważny